The Interdisciplinary Journal for the Studies of the Sahel (a specialized section of Africology: The Journal of Pan African Studies) is an on-line, open access, and peer reviewed scholarly journal devoted to research and analysis of policy, economic, social and political experiences of the Sahel region. The Journal is seeking submissions from all disciplinary fields of academic inquiry, including the arts, humanities, social sciences and STEM-related fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). To read more, please click on the links below.
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Marcel Kitissou provocatively charts the cartography of hunger in Sahelian Africa and the United States to challenge dominant representations of the spaces of hunger and, in the face of the proliferation of hunger, call for a “moral economy” that can reconcile “personal responsability (oikois) and social solidarity (polis).”the-moral-economy-of-hunger-lessons-from-the-us-and-the-sahel-final
Abstract of paper to be presented at Cornell Institute for African Development’s Symposium on Development, Extremism, Security and the State in Africa, October 21-22, 2016
By Marcel Kitissou
Gérard Chaliand (1980) explained the importance of Africa in the geopolitics of the Cold War era, listing resources such as diamond, gold, cobalt, vanadium, platinum, chromium, manganese, copper, uranium, and more. While these resources were essentially concentrated in countries of the southern part of the continent, none of which were colonized by France, gas and oil, phosphates, iron and uranium were located in countries of the Maghreb and western Sahara-Sahel, all of which, except for Libya and Western Sahara, were French possessions. Therefore, the area is of strategic importance for France. With regard to the United States in the Sahel region, all partners of the Trans-Sahel Counter-terrorism Initiative, announced by the G. W. Bush administration in 2005 and continued by the Obama administration as the Overseas Contingency Operations, are former French possessions except for Libya and Nigeria. In addition, western Sahel, where Tuareg irredentism takes place and where the presence of jihadi activists is salient, overlaps with both France’s traditional zone of influence and the US-led coalition of the willing against terrorism. Evidently, the nationalistic agenda of the Movement for the Liberation of Azawad in northern Mali neither coincides with the interests of France nor with the global ambition of al-Qaeda as, similarly, France’s national interests in the region are not in perfect harmony with the objectives, however complimentary, of the United States.
This paper will deconstruct the complex web of harmony and clash of interests that has led to increased militarization of the region.
Author: Marcel Kitissou
Marcel provocatively charts the cartography of hunger in Sahelian Africa and the United States to challenge dominant representations of the spaces of hunger and in the face of the proliferation of hunger calls for a “moral economy” that can reconcile “personal responsibility (oikos) and social solidarity (polis).”
>> The Moral Economy of Hunger-Lessons from the US and the Sahel (pdf download)
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